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A CLOSER LOOK OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH (A Handbook Guide for Novice Researcher)



Rp 60.000,-

Dwi Poedjiastutie
Pendidikan
978-979-796-527-3 /e-ISBN: 978-979-796-528-0
2020
157
pertama
16 x 23 cm
2

Sinopsis Buku

Qualitative approaches are now growing its popularity among
novice researchers. Thus, they need to be well-informed step by
step in conducting the qualitative studies. Particularly, this book will
benefit students who keen to focus on finding solution on the language
related issues and concerns.
A number of features are provided for novice scholars and
researchers in order to be able to select the appropriate design for their
study. The first feature is detail characteristic information on each type
of the research approach. Each approach is elaborated in detail manner
so that readers will possess comprehensible input of what and when
a particular approach will be appropriately selected and employed.
The detail characteristics of each approach in qualitative have been
discussed in many research methodology books published earlier.
However, this book can be used as the supplementary resources for
those who specifically focus on the qualitative approach when they
are dealing for the first time and more specifically for the language
research and its related issues.
The second feature is the example of each approach. Since qualitative
approaches have a lot of similarities, the researchers are supposed to
have careful thought when selecting a particular approach. This can be
very difficult for novice researchers. Therefore, in order to guide them
selecting the most appropriate approach for their study, the examples
of the previous research using similar approach are provided. The
examples of the previous research on each particular approach are
carefully chosen so that it possibly relates and represents Indonesian
contexts.
Another distinguished feature of this book is supplied the
information on several common fallacies that scholars or novice
researcher usually argue about the qualitative approach. For example,
many novice researchers in Indonesian context still believe that in qualitative approach, they are not supposed to use numerical data.
That might not be true. The discussion on some fallacies like the
above-mentioned example hopefully can guide them to have no more
doubts of employing qualitative approach.

Daftar isi

Foreword v
Table of Contents vii
Unit One: Introduction 1
The An Introduction to Educational Research 1
The Objective of this Book 3
The Importance of this Book 3
References 5
Unit Two: Qualitative vs Quantitative 7
What is Quantitative and what is Qualitative? 7
Toward Mixed Methods: Would that be Possible? 12
References 18
Unit Three: Qualitative Research 19
The Basic Concept of Qualitative Research 19
The Characteristics of Qualitative Research 20
Natural Setting 20
Human as Instrument 21
Descriptive Data 21
Emergent Design 22
Inductive Data Analysis 22
Concern for Context and Meaning 23
Reflexivity 23
Types of Qualitative Research 23
Trustworthiness 25
Credibility 25
Confirmability 26

Dependability 26
Transferability 26
Authenticity 27
Other Issues 27
Example of Qualitative Research 28
References 37
Unit Four: Narrative Inquiry 39
Introduction to Narrative Inquiry 39
Definition of Narrative Inquiry 40
Characteristics of Narrative Inquiry 42
Types of Narrative Inquiry 44
Examples of Narrative Inquiry 45
How to Conduct Narrative Inquiry 47
References 48
Unit Five: Ethnography 51
Introduction to Ethnography 51
The Definition of Ethnography 51
Issues of Ethnography Study 52
Ontological Issues 52
Epistemological Issues 53
Axiological Issue 54
Methodological 55
The Benefits of Ethnographic Research 55
The Types of Ethnographic Research 57
The Characteristics of Ethnographic Research 58
The Research Process of Ethnography 59
Planning of the Research 59
Collecting Data 60
Analyzing the Outcomes 61
Example of Ethnographic Research 61
References 75

Unit Six: A Case Study 77
Introduction to A Case Study 77
The Characteristics of Case Study 78
Instead of a sweeping statistical survey, a case study is an
in-depth study 78
A case study employs triangulation by methods and by
sources 79
A case study is to test or generate theoretical Models 80
A case study to know noticeable patterns of participant
behaviors 82
References 83
Unit Seven: Historical Study 85
Introduction to Historical Study 85
Definition of Historical Research 85
Types of Historical Study 86
How to Gain the Data for Historical Study 88
Stages involved in Historical Research 89
Defining the problem 89
Locating relevant sources 89
Summarizing information from historical sources 89
Evaluating historical sources 89
Sources of Information in Historical Research 90
Data Analysis and Reporting of Findings 91
Example of Reporting Finding in Historical Study 92
References 94
Unit Eight: Action Research 95
Introduction to Action Research 95
The Nature of Action Research 95
Types of Action Research Design 97
Practical Action Research 97
Participatory Action Research (PAR) 97

Approach to Action Research 97
Data Analysis in Action Research 99
References 100
Unit Nine: Discourse Analysis 101
Introduction to Discourse Analysis 101
Principles of Discourse Analysis 102
Types of Discourse 103
The Example of Study in Discourse Analysis 103
References 105
Unit Ten: Some Problems in Presenting Qualitative Findings 107
Lack of Clarity Due to Insufficient Elaboration 107
Poorly Data Reduction Process 109
Incapable of Paraphrasing 110
Shallow Description of Phenomena 112
Inappropriate Linguistic Style 113
Unit Eleven: Specific Terms in Qualitative 127
Saturation Point 127
Participants/Informants 127
Purposive Sampling 129
Quota Sampling 129
Convenient Sampling 130
Snowball Sampling 131
Emergent Themes 132
Multiple Methods and Multiple Sources 134
Ethics and Informed Consent 135
Confidentiality 137
References 138
Index 139